Intraluminal cell transplantation prevents growth and rupture in a model of rupture-prone saccular aneurysms.

Marbacher, Serge; Frösén, Juhana; Marjamaa, Johan; Anisimov, Andrey; Honkanen, Petri; von Gunten, Michael; Abo-Ramadan, Usama; Hernesniemi, Juha; Niemelä, Mika (2014). Intraluminal cell transplantation prevents growth and rupture in a model of rupture-prone saccular aneurysms. Stroke, 45(12), pp. 3684-3690. American Heart Association 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006600

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Aneurysm occlusion by intraluminal thrombus formation is the desired effect of all endovascular treatments. Intraluminal thrombus may, however, recanalize and be absorbed, unless it is infiltrated by cells that turn it into fibrous tissue (neointima). Because ruptured aneurysm walls are characterized by loss of smooth muscle cells, we assessed the impact of mural cell loss on wall remodeling of thrombosed aneurysms and investigated whether neointima formation could be enhanced by direct transplantation of cells into the thrombus.


Sidewall aneurysms were microsurgically created in rats (n=81). Certain aneurysms were decellularized. Thrombosis was induced using direct injection of a fibrin polymer into the aneurysm. CM-Dil-labeled smooth muscle cells were injected into 25 of 46 fibrin embolized aneurysms. Recanalization and aneurysm growth were monitored with magnetic resonance angiography. Endoscopy, optical projection tomography, histology, and immunohistochemistry were used to study the fate of transplanted cells, thrombus organization, and neointima formation.


Decellularized embolized aneurysms demonstrated higher angiographic recurrence compared with decellularized embolized aneurysms with transplanted cells (P=0.037). Local cell replacement at the time of thrombosis resulted in better histological neointima formation than both nondecellularized embolized aneurysms (P<0.001) and decellularized embolized aneurysms (P=0.002). Aneurysm growth and rupture were observed exclusively in decellularized embolized aneurysms.


Lack of smooth muscle cells in the aneurysm wall promotes wall degradation, aneurysm growth and rupture, even if the aneurysm is occluded by luminal thrombus. Transplantation of smooth muscle cells into the luminal thrombus can reduce this degenerative remodeling.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Neurochirurgie

UniBE Contributor:

von Gunten, Michael


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Heart Association




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

27 Sep 2022 11:55

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:25

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

cell transplantation degeneration inflammation intracranial aneurysm myofibroblasts smooth muscle cells thrombosis




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