Description of Ultra-Processed Food Intake in a Swiss Population-Based Sample of Adults Aged 18 to 75 Years.

Bertoni Maluf, Valeria A; Bucher Della Torre, Sophie; Jotterand Chaparro, Corinne; Belle, Fabiën N; Khalatbari-Soltani, Saman; Kruseman, Maaike; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Chatelan, Angeline (2022). Description of Ultra-Processed Food Intake in a Swiss Population-Based Sample of Adults Aged 18 to 75 Years. Nutrients, 14(21), p. 4486. Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/nu14214486

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Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) are associated with lower diet quality and several non-communicable diseases. Their consumption varies between countries/regions of the world. We aimed to describe the consumption of UPFs in adults aged 18-75 years living in Switzerland. We analysed data from the national food consumption survey conducted among 2085 participants aged 18 to 75 years. Foods and beverages resulting from two 24-h recalls were classified as UPFs or non-UPFs according to the NOVA classification, categorized into 18 food groups, and linked to the Swiss Food Composition Database. Overall, the median energy intake [P25-P75] from UPFs was 587 kcal/day [364-885] or 28.7% [19.9-38.9] of the total energy intake (TEI). The median intake of UPFs relative to TEI was higher among young participants (<30 years, p = 0.001) and those living in the German-speaking part of Switzerland (p = 0.002). The food groups providing the most ultra-processed calories were confectionary, cakes & biscuits (39.5% of total UPF kcal); meat, fish & eggs (14.9%); cereal products, legumes & potatoes (12.5%), and juices & soft drinks (8.0%). UPFs provided a large proportion of sugars (39.3% of total sugar intake), saturated fatty acids (32.8%), and total fats (31.8%) while providing less than 20% of dietary fibre. Consumption of UPFs accounted for nearly a third of the total calories consumed in Switzerland. Public health strategies to reduce UPF consumption should target sugary foods/beverages and processed meat.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Belle, Fabien Naomi, Chatelan, Angéline


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI


[4] Swiss National Science Foundation ; [189] Swiss Cancer Research = Krebsforschung Schweiz




Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

17 Nov 2022 13:28

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:28

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

NOVA classification Swiss adults Switzerland food group food processing macronutrients menuCH ultra-processed




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