Aberrant low expression level of bovine beta-lactoglobulin is associated with a C to A transversion in the BLG promoter region

Braunschweig, Martin; Leeb, Tosso (2006). Aberrant low expression level of bovine beta-lactoglobulin is associated with a C to A transversion in the BLG promoter region. Journal of dairy science, 89(11), pp. 4414-9. Savoy, Ill.: American Dairy Science Association

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Beta-lactoglobulin (beta-LG) is the major whey protein in cow's milk. It is well established that the predominant 2 genetic variants, beta-LG A and B, are differentially expressed. Extensive investigation of the genetic variation in the promoter region of the BLG gene revealed the existence of specific haplotypes associated with the A and B variants, respectively. However, the genetic basis for the differential expression of BLG A and B alleles is still elusive. We have previously reported a quantitative beta-LG B variant, characterized by a very low beta-LG protein expression level. Here, we report that the corresponding BLG allele (BLG B*) shows a correspondingly low mRNA expression level. Comparative DNA sequencing of 7,670 bp of the BLG B* allele and the established BLG B allele revealed a unique difference of a C to A transversion at position 215 bp upstream of the translation initiation site (g.-215C>A). This mutation segregated perfectly with the differential phenotypic expression in a paternal half-sib family and could be confirmed in 2 independent cases. The sequence of the BLG B allele in the region of the mutation is highly conserved among 4 related ruminant species. The site of the mutation corresponds to a putative consensus-binding sequence for the transcription factors c-Rel and Elk-1 as predicted by searching the TRANSFAC database. The beta-LG B* site might be relevant in the natural production of milk of low beta-LG content.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Braunschweig, Martin and Leeb, Tosso

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0022-0302

Publisher:

American Dairy Science Association

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

16 Feb 2015 08:15

PubMed ID:

17033029

Web of Science ID:

000241161800035

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18458 (FactScience: 601)

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