In Vivo and In Vitro Evidence for an Interplay between the Glucocorticoid Receptor and the Vitamin D Receptor Signaling.

Bagnoud, Maud; Remlinger, Jana; Massy, Marine; Lodygin, Dmitri; Salmen, Anke; Chan, Andrew; Lühder, Fred; Hoepner, Robert (2023). In Vivo and In Vitro Evidence for an Interplay between the Glucocorticoid Receptor and the Vitamin D Receptor Signaling. Cells, 12(18) MDPI 10.3390/cells12182291

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Our previous work demonstrated that vitamin D (VitD) reduces experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) disease severity in wild-type (WT) but not in T cell-specific glucocorticoid (GC) receptor (GR)-deficient (GRlck) mice. This study aimed to investigate the interplay between the GR- and VitD receptor (VDR) signaling. In vivo, we confirmed the involvement of the GR in the VitD-induced effects in EAE using WT and GRlck mice. Furthermore, we observed that VitD-enhanced T cell apoptosis and T regulatory cell differentiation are diminished in vitro in CD3+ T cells of GRlck but not WT mice. Mechanistically, VitD does not appear to signal directly via the GR, as it does not bind to the GR, does not induce its nuclear translocation, and does not modulate the expression of two GR-induced genes. However, we observed that VitD enhances VDR protein expression in CD3+ T cells from WT but not GRlck mice in vitro, that the GR and the VDR spatially co-localize after VitD treatment, and that VitD does not modulate the expression of two VDR-induced genes in the absence of the GR. Our data suggest that a functional GR, specifically in T cells, is required for the VDR to signal appropriately to mediate the therapeutic effects of VitD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Bagnoud, Maud Marie, Remlinger, Jana Silke, Salmen, Anke, Chan, Andrew Hao-Kuang, Hoepner, Robert


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

02 Oct 2023 12:03

Last Modified:

02 Oct 2023 12:12

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis glucocorticoid vitamin D




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