Histamine increases sphingosine kinase-1 expression and activity in the human arterial endothelial cell line EA.hy 926 by a PKC-alpha-dependent mechanism

Huwiler, Andrea; Döll, Frauke; Ren, Shuyu; Klawitter, Sabine; Greening, Anna; Römer, Isolde; Bubnova, Svetlana; Reinsberg, Luise; Pfeilschifter, Josef (2006). Histamine increases sphingosine kinase-1 expression and activity in the human arterial endothelial cell line EA.hy 926 by a PKC-alpha-dependent mechanism. Biochimica and biophysica acta - molecular and cell biology of lipids, 1761(3), pp. 367-376. Biochimica and biophysica acta - molecular and cell biology of lipids: Elsevier 10.1016/j.bbalip.2006.02.007

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a potent mitogenic signal generated from sphingosine by the action of sphingosine kinases (SKs). In this study, we show that in the human arterial endothelial cell line EA.hy 926 histamine induces a time-dependent upregulation of the SK-1 mRNA and protein expression which is followed by increased SK-1 activity. A similar upregulation of SK-1 is also observed with the direct protein kinase C activator 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In contrast, SK-2 activity is not affected by neither histamine nor TPA. The increased SK-1 protein expression is due to stimulated de novo synthesis since cycloheximide inhibited the delayed SK-1 protein upregulation. Moreover, the increased SK-1 mRNA expression results from an increased promoter activation by histamine and TPA. In mechanistic terms, the transcriptional upregulation of SK-1 is dependent on PKC and the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) cascade since staurosporine and the MEK inhibitor U0126 abolish the TPA-induced SK-1 induction. Furthermore, the histamine effect is abolished by the H1-receptor antagonist diphenhydramine, but not by the H2-receptor antagonist cimetidine. Parallel to the induction of SK-1, histamine and TPA stimulate an increased migration of endothelial cells, which is prevented by depletion of the SK-1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA). To appoint this specific cell response to a specific PKC isoenzyme, siRNA of PKC-alpha, -delta, and -epsilon were used to selectively downregulate the respective isoforms. Interestingly, only depletion of PKC-alpha leads to a complete loss of TPA- and histamine-triggered SK-1 induction and cell migration. In summary, these data show that PKC-alpha activation in endothelial cells by histamine-activated H1-receptors, or by direct PKC activators leads to a sustained upregulation of the SK-1 protein expression and activity which, in turn, is critically involved in the mechanism of endothelial cell migration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Huwiler, Andrea

ISSN:

1388-1981

ISBN:

16571380

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:45

Last Modified:

22 Dec 2016 08:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bbalip.2006.02.007

PubMed ID:

16571380

Web of Science ID:

000238116300010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/18744 (FactScience: 982)

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