Cortical thickness and grey-matter volume anomaly detection in individual MRI scans: Comparison of two methods.

Romascano, David; Rebsamen, Michael; Radojewski, Piotr; Blattner, Timo; McKinley, Richard; Wiest, Roland; Rummel, Christian (2024). Cortical thickness and grey-matter volume anomaly detection in individual MRI scans: Comparison of two methods. (In Press). NeuroImage: Clinical, 43(103624), p. 103624. Elsevier 10.1016/j.nicl.2024.103624

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Over the past decades, morphometric analysis of brain MRI has contributed substantially to the understanding of healthy brain structure, development and aging as well as to improved characterisation of disease related pathologies. Certified commercial tools based on normative modeling of these metrics are meanwhile available for diagnostic purposes, but they are cost intensive and their clinical evaluation is still in its infancy. Here we have compared the performance of "ScanOMetrics", an open-source research-level tool for detection of statistical anomalies in individual MRI scans, depending on whether it is operated on the output of FreeSurfer or of the deep learning based brain morphometry tool DL + DiReCT. When applied to the public OASIS3 dataset, containing patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls (HC), cortical thickness anomalies in patient scans were mainly detected in regions that are known as predilection areas of cortical atrophy in AD, regardless of the software used for extraction of the metrics. By contrast, anomaly detections in HCs were up to twenty-fold reduced and spatially unspecific using both DL + DiReCT and FreeSurfer. Progression of the atrophy pattern with clinical dementia rating (CDR) was clearly observable with both methods. DL + DiReCT provided results in less than 25 min, more than 15 times faster than FreeSurfer. This difference in computation time might be relevant when considering application of this or similar methodology as diagnostic decision support for neuroradiologists.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Romascano, David, Rebsamen, Michael Andreas, Radojewski, Piotr, Blattner, Timo, McKinley, Richard Iain, Wiest, Roland Gerhard Rudi, Rummel, Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2213-1582

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

03 Jun 2024 15:15

Last Modified:

04 Jun 2024 15:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.nicl.2024.103624

PubMed ID:

38823248

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Alzheimer’s disease Brain morphometry Clinical decision support MRI Normative modeling Personalized medicine

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/197452

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/197452

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