[Pulmonary microscopic tumor embolism syndrome]

Bergmann, I; Weiss, M; Schaffner, T (2006). [Pulmonary microscopic tumor embolism syndrome]. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, 131(12), pp. 618-21. Stuttgart: Thieme 10.1055/s-2006-933704

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HISTORY: A 76-year-old woman and a 62-year-old man were both referred to our clinic because of an unexplained weight loss, increasing dry cough and shortness of breath. INVESTIGATIONS: Investigations revealed an adenocarcinoma of the colon with retroperitoneal, mediastinal and supraclavicular lymph node metastasis and poorly differentiated carcinoma of the prostate with extensive bone metastases. During their hospital stay both patients developed increasing shortness of breath and clinical signs of right heart failure. Echocardiography confirmed severe pulmonary hypertension and dilatation of the right ventricle in both patients. Despite the high degree of clinical suspicion CT scans of the thorax could not demonstrate pulmonary embolism. DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND COURSE: During the following days the patients condition deteriorated further and both patients' died from irreversible right heart failure. Both autopsies showed extensive metastatic adenocarcinoma with marked angiosis carcinomatosa of the lungs with numerous occlusions of small arteries and arterioles and resulting cor pulmonale. Thrombotic pulmonary embolism could not be detected. CONCLUSION: In patients with malignant neoplasms, especially adenocarcinomas, dyspnea and signs of increasing pulmonary artery pressure, the possibility of a microscopic pulmonary tumor embolism should be considered after exclusion of more usual causes especially thrombotic pulmonary embolism. In selected cases a cytologic examination of blood aspirated from a wedged pulmonary artery catheter can be performed to prove angiosis is carcinomatosa.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Schaffner, Thomas










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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:48

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:14

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/19931 (FactScience: 3009)

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