Lowered microvascular vessel wall oxygen consumption augments tissue pO2 during PgE1-induced vasodilation

Friesenecker, Barbara; Tsai, A G; Dünser, M W; Martini, J; Hasibeder, W; Intaglietta, M (2006). Lowered microvascular vessel wall oxygen consumption augments tissue pO2 during PgE1-induced vasodilation. European journal of applied physiology, 99(4), pp. 405-14. Heidelberg: Springer 10.1007/s00421-006-0360-0

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Continuous infusion of intravenous prostaglandin E1 (PgE1, 2.5 mug/kg/min) was used to determine how vasodilation affects oxygen consumption of the microvascular wall and tissue pO(2) in the hamster window chamber model. While systemic measurements (mean arterial pressure and heart rate) and central blood gas measurements were not affected, PgE1 treatment caused arteriolar (64.6 +/- 25.1 microm) and venular diameter (71.9 +/- 29.5 microm) to rise to 1.15 +/- 0.21 and 1.06 +/- 0.19, respectively, relative to baseline. Arteriolar (3.2 x 10(-2) +/- 4.3 x 10(-2) nl/s) and venular flow (7.8 x 10(-3) +/- 1.1 x 10(-2)/s) increased to 1.65 +/- 0.93 and 1.32 +/- 0.72 relative to baseline. Interstitial tissue pO(2) was increased significantly from baseline (21 +/- 8 to 28 +/- 7 mmHg; P < 0.001). The arteriolar vessel wall gradient, a measure of oxygen consumption by the microvascular wall decreased from 20 +/- 6 to 16 +/- 3 mmHg (P < 0.001). The arteriolar vessel wall gradient, a measure of oxygen consumption by the vascular wall, decreased from 20 +/- 6 to 16 +/- 3 mmHg (P < 0.001). This reduction reflects a 20% decrease in oxygen consumption by the vessel wall and up to 50% when cylindrical geometry is considered. The venular vessel wall gradient decreased from 12 +/- 4 to 9 +/- 4 mmHg (P < 0.001). Thus PgE1-mediated vasodilation has a positive microvascular effect: enhancement of tissue perfusion by increasing flow and then augmentation of tissue oxygenation by reducing oxygen consumption by the microvascular wall.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Dünser, Martin Wolfgang

ISSN:

1439-6319

ISBN:

17165051

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:49

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 21:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00421-006-0360-0

PubMed ID:

17165051

Web of Science ID:

000243963000009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/20402 (FactScience: 3693)

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