Analysis of plasma tocopherols alpha, gamma, and 5-nitro-gamma in rats with inflammation by HPLC coulometric detection

Christen, S; Jiang, Q; Shigenaga, MK; Ames, BN (2002). Analysis of plasma tocopherols alpha, gamma, and 5-nitro-gamma in rats with inflammation by HPLC coulometric detection. Journal of lipid research, 43(11), pp. 1978-85. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ASBMB 10.1194/jlr.D200023-JLR200

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Reactive nitrogen oxide species (RNOS) have been implicated as effector molecules in inflammatory diseases. There is emerging evidence that gamma-tocopherol (gammaT), the major form of vitamin E in the North American diet, may play an important role in these diseases. GammaT scavenges RNOS such as peroxynitrite by forming a stable adduct, 5-nitro-gammaT (NGT). Here we describe a convenient HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of NGT, alphaT, and gammaT in blood plasma and other tissues. Coulometric detection of NGT separated on a deactivated reversed-phase column was linear over a wide range of concentrations and highly sensitive (approximately 10 fmol detection limit). NGT extracted from blood plasma of 15-week-old Fischer 344 rats was in the low nM range, representing approximately 4% of gammaT. Twenty-four h after intraperitoneal injection of zymosan, plasma NGT levels were 2-fold higher compared to fasted control animals when adjusted to gammaT or corrected for total neutral lipids, while alpha- and gammaT levels remained unchanged. These results demonstrate that nitration of gammaT is increased under inflammatory conditions and highlight the importance of RNOS reactions in the lipid phase. The present HPLC method should be helpful in clarifying the precise physiological role of gammaT.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Christen, Stephan

ISSN:

0022-2275

ISBN:

12401897

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ASBMB

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:56

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1194/jlr.D200023-JLR200

PubMed ID:

12401897

Web of Science ID:

000179294500022

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/23688 (FactScience: 43480)

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