Quinolone antibiotics in therapy of experimental pneumococcal meningitis in rabbits

Nau, R; Schmidt, T; Kaye, K; Froula, JL; Täuber, MG (1995). Quinolone antibiotics in therapy of experimental pneumococcal meningitis in rabbits. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 39(3), pp. 593-7. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/AAC.39.3.593

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Using a rabbit model of pneumococcal meningitis, we compared the pharmacokinetics and bactericidal activities in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of older (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin) and newer (levofloxacin, temafloxacin, CP-116,517, and Win 57273) quinolones with those of the beta-lactam ceftriaxone. All quinolones penetrated into the inflamed CSF better than ceftriaxone, and the speed of entry into CSF was closely related to their degrees of lipophilicity. At a dose of 10 mg/kg.h, which in the case of the quinolones already in use in clinical practice produced concentrations attainable in the sera and CSF of humans, ciprofloxacin had no antipneumococcal activity (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, +0.20 +/- 0.14). Ofloxacin (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.13 +/- 0.12), temafloxacin (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.19 +/- 0.18), and levofloxacin (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.24 +/- 0.16) showed slow bactericidal activity (not significantly different from each other), while CP-116,517 (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.59 +/- 0.21) and Win 57273 (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.72 +/- 0.20) showed increased bactericidal activities in CSF that was comparable to that of ceftriaxone at 10 mg/kg.h (delta log10 CFU/ml.h, -0.80 +/- 0.17). These improved in vivo activities of the newer quinolones reflected their increased in vitro activities. All quinolones and ceftriaxone showed positive correlations between bactericidal rates in CSF and concentrations in CSF relative to their MBCs. Only when this ratio exceeded 10 did the antibiotics exhibit rapid bactericidal activities in CSF. In conclusion, in experimental pneumococcal meningitis the activities of new quinolones with improved antipneumococcal activities were comparable to that of ceftriaxone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Täuber, Martin G.

ISSN:

0066-4804

ISBN:

7793857

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:00

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/AAC.39.3.593

PubMed ID:

7793857

Web of Science ID:

A1995QJ94700003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/25781 (FactScience: 60931)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback