Mannose-binding lectin cord blood levels and respiratory symptoms during infancy: a prospective birth cohort study

Schlapbach, Luregn Jan; Latzin, Philipp; Regamey, Nicolas; Kuehni, Claudia E; Zwahlen, Marcel; Casaulta, Carmen; Aebi, Christoph; Frey, Urs (2009). Mannose-binding lectin cord blood levels and respiratory symptoms during infancy: a prospective birth cohort study. Pediatric allergy and immunology, 20(3), pp. 219-26. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00782.x

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Respiratory infections cause considerable morbidity during infancy. The impact of innate immunity mechanisms, such as mannose-binding lectin (MBL), on respiratory symptoms remains unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate whether cord blood MBL levels are associated with respiratory symptoms during infancy and to determine the relative contribution of MBL when compared with known risk factors. This is a prospective birth cohort study including 185 healthy term infants. MBL was measured in cord blood and categorized into tertiles. Frequency and severity of respiratory symptoms were assessed weekly until age one. Association with MBL levels was analysed using multivariable random effects Poisson regression. We observed a trend towards an increased incidence rate of severe respiratory symptoms in infants in the low MBL tertile when compared with infants in the middle MBL tertile [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 1.59; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.95-2.66; p = 0.076]. Surprisingly, infants in the high MBL tertile suffered significantly more from severe and total respiratory symptoms than infants in the middle MBL tertile (IRR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.20-3.25; p = 0.008). This association was pronounced in infants of parents with asthma (IRR = 3.64; 95% CI: 1.47-9.02; p = 0.005). The relative risk associated with high MBL was similar to the risk associated with well-known risk factors such as maternal smoking or childcare. In conclusion the association between low MBL levels and increased susceptibility to common respiratory infections during infancy was weaker than that previously reported. Instead, high cord blood MBL levels may represent a so far unrecognized risk factor for respiratory morbidity in infants of asthmatic parents.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Schlapbach, Luregn Jan; Latzin, Philipp; Regamey, Nicolas; Kühni, Claudia; Zwahlen, Marcel; Casaulta Aebischer, Carmen; Aebi, Christoph and Frey, Urs Peter

ISSN:

0905-6157

ISBN:

18700861

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:02

Last Modified:

18 Jun 2015 12:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1399-3038.2008.00782.x

PubMed ID:

18700861

Web of Science ID:

000265430600003

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.27156

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27156 (FactScience: 104802)

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