Angiotensinergic neurons in sympathetic coeliac ganglia innervating rat and human mesenteric resistance blood vessels

Patil, Jaspal; Heiniger, Eva; Schaffner, Thomas; Mühlemann, Oliver; Imboden, Hans (2008). Angiotensinergic neurons in sympathetic coeliac ganglia innervating rat and human mesenteric resistance blood vessels. Regulatory peptides, 147(1-3), pp. 82-87. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.regpep.2008.01.006

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In contrast to the current belief that angiotensin II (Ang II) interacts with the sympathetic nervous system only as a circulating hormone, we document here the existence of endogenous Ang II in the neurons of rat and human sympathetic coeliac ganglia and their angiotensinergic innervation with mesenteric resistance blood vessels. Angiotensinogen - and angiotensin converting enzyme-mRNA were detected by using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in total RNA extracts of rat coeliac ganglia, while renin mRNA was untraceable. Cathepsin D, a protease responsible for cleavage beneath other substrates also angiotensinogen to angiotensin I, was successfully detected in rat coeliac ganglia indicating the possibility of existence of alternative pathways. Angiotensinogen mRNA was also detected by in situ hybridization in the cytoplasm of neurons of rat coeliac ganglia. Immunoreactivity for Ang II was demonstrated in rat and human coeliac ganglia as well as with mesenteric resistance blood vessels. By using confocal laser scanning microscopy we were able to demonstrate the presence of angiotensinergic synapses en passant along side of vascular smooth muscle cells. Our findings indicate that Ang II is synthesized inside the neurons of sympathetic coeliac ganglia and may act as an endogenous neurotransmitter locally with the mesenteric resistance blood vessels.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Patil, Jaspal, Heiniger, Eva, Schaffner, Thomas, Mühlemann, Oliver, Imboden, Johann








Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:19

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URI: (FactScience: 105438)

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