In vitro models of the human epithelial airway barrier to study the toxic potential of particulate matter

Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara; Blank, Fabian; Mühlfeld, Christian; Gehr, Peter (2008). In vitro models of the human epithelial airway barrier to study the toxic potential of particulate matter. Expert opinion on drug metabolism & toxicology, 4(8), pp. 1075-89. London: Informa Healthcare 10.1517/17425250802233638

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BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies show that inhalation of particulate matter may cause increased pulmonary morbidity and mortality. Of particular interest are the ultrafine particles that are particularly toxic. In addition more and more nanoparticles are released into the environment; however, the potential health effects of these nanoparticles are yet unknown. OBJECTIVES: To avoid particle toxicity studies with animals many cell culture models have been developed during the past years. METHODS: This review focuses on the most commonly used in vitro epithelial airway and alveolar models to study particle-cell interactions and particle toxicity and highlights advantages and disadvantages of the different models. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: There are many lung cell culture models but none of these models seems to be perfect. However, they might be a great tool to perform basic research or toxicity tests. The focus here is on 3D and co-culture models, which seem to be more realistic than monocultures.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Pneumologie (Erwachsene)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Topographical and Clinical Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara; Mühlfeld, Christian and Gehr, Peter

ISSN:

1742-5255

ISBN:

18680442

Publisher:

Informa Healthcare

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:03

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1517/17425250802233638

PubMed ID:

18680442

Web of Science ID:

000258808800005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27558 (FactScience: 108825)

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