Resource use and outcome in critically ill patients with hematological malignancy: a retrospective cohort study

Merz, Tobias M; Schär, Pascale; Bühlmann, Michael; Takala, Jukka; Rothen, Hans U (2008). Resource use and outcome in critically ill patients with hematological malignancy: a retrospective cohort study. Critical care, 12(3), R75. London: BioMed Central 10.1186/cc6921

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INTRODUCTION: The paucity of data on resource use in critically ill patients with hematological malignancy and on these patients' perceived poor outcome can lead to uncertainty over the extent to which intensive care treatment is appropriate. The aim of the present study was to assess the amount of intensive care resources needed for, and the effect of treatment of, hemato-oncological patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) in comparison with a nononcological patient population with a similar degree of organ dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 101 ICU admissions of 84 consecutive hemato-oncological patients and 3,808 ICU admissions of 3,478 nononcological patients over a period of 4 years was performed. RESULTS: As assessed by Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System points, resource use was higher in hemato-oncological patients than in nononcological patients (median (interquartile range), 214 (102 to 642) versus 95 (54 to 224), P < 0.0001). Severity of disease at ICU admission was a less important predictor of ICU resource use than necessity for specific treatment modalities. Hemato-oncological patients and nononcological patients with similar admission Simplified Acute Physiology Score scores had the same ICU mortality. In hemato-oncological patients, improvement of organ function within the first 48 hours of the ICU stay was the best predictor of 28-day survival. CONCLUSION: The presence of a hemato-oncological disease per se is associated with higher ICU resource use, but not with increased mortality. If withdrawal of treatment is considered, this decision should not be based on admission parameters but rather on the evolutional changes in organ dysfunctions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care
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UniBE Contributor:

Merz, Tobias Michael; Schär, Pascale; Takala, Jukka and Rothen, Hans Ulrich

ISSN:

1364-8535

ISBN:

18538003

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

02 Jan 2015 07:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/cc6921

PubMed ID:

18538003

Web of Science ID:

000257635300014

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.27832

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/27832 (FactScience: 112372)

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