Arginine vasopressin in vasodilatory shock: effects on metabolism and beyond

Dünser, Martin W; Westphal, Martin (2008). Arginine vasopressin in vasodilatory shock: effects on metabolism and beyond. Current opinion in anaesthesiology, 21(2), pp. 122-7. Hagerstown, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the effects of arginine vasopressin other than its vasoconstrictive and antidiuretic potential in vasodilatory shock. RECENT FINDINGS: Arginine vasopressin influences substrate metabolism by stimulation of hepatic glucose release, gluconeogenesis, ureogenesis and fatty acid esterification. Although arginine vasopressin is a secretagogue of different hormones, only prolactin increases during arginine vasopressin therapy. Plasmatic and cellular coagulation are affected by arginine vasopressin, resulting in thrombocyte aggregation. Therefore, platelet count typically decreases following arginine vasopressin infusion in critically ill patients. In addition, arginine vasopressin reduces bile flow and may increase bilirubin concentrations. Despite its potential to decrease serum sodium, no change in electrolytes was observed in critically ill patients receiving arginine vasopressin. Although arginine vasopressin is an endogenous antipyretic, body temperature is not decreased by central venous arginine vasopressin infusion. In addition, arginine vasopressin modulates immune function through V1 receptors. Compared with norepinephrine, arginine vasopressin may have protective effects on endothelial function. Net arginine vasopressin effects on gastrointestinal motility seem to be inhibitory and are dose dependent. SUMMARY: Except for its antidiuretic and vasoconstrictive actions, the effects of arginine vasopressin in patients with vasodilatory shock have so far only been partially examined. Potential influences of arginine vasopressin on metabolism and immune, liver and mitochondrial function remain to be assessed in future studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Dünser, Martin Wolfgang






Lippincott Williams & Wilkins




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Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:04

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:19

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URI: (FactScience: 112402)

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