Reversal of established lupus nephritis and prolonged survival of New Zealand black x New Zealand white mice treated with the topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan

Frese-Schaper, Manuela; Zbaeren, Jakob; Gugger, Mathias; Monestier, Marc; Frese, Steffen (2010). Reversal of established lupus nephritis and prolonged survival of New Zealand black x New Zealand white mice treated with the topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan. Journal of immunology, 184(4), pp. 2175-82. Bethesda, Md.: American Association of Immunologists 10.4049/jimmunol.0903153

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disorder that predominantly affects women of childbearing age. Lupus-associated glomerulonephritis is a major cause of mortality in these patients. Current treatment protocols for systemic lupus erythematosus include cyclophosphamide, prednisolone, azathioprine, and mycophenolate mofetil. However, in mice none of these agents alone or in combination were shown to reverse established proteinuria. Using New Zealand Black x New Zealand White F1 mice, we report that administration of the topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan from week 13 completely prevented the onset of proteinuria and prolonged survival up to at least 90 wk without detectable side effects. Furthermore, application of irinotecan to mice with established lupus nephritis, as indicated by grade 3+ (> or =300 mg/dl) and grade 4+ (> or =2000 mg/dl) proteinuria and, according to a median age of 35 wk, resulted in remission rates of 75% and 55%, respectively. Survival was significantly prolonged with 73 wk (grade 3+ and 4+ combined) versus 40 wk for control animals. Although total IgG and anti-dsDNA Abs in the serum and mesangial IgG deposits in the kidneys were not reduced in irinotecan-treated mice, subendothelial immune deposits were considerably diminished, suggesting a prevention of glomerular basement membrane disruption. This effect was accompanied by increased rates of ssDNA breaks and inhibition of renal cell apoptosis being different to what is known about irinotecan in anticancer therapy. In conclusion, our data provide evidence that irinotecan might represent an entirely new strategy for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Thoracic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Frese, Manuela; Gugger, Mathias and Frese, Steffen R.

ISSN:

0022-1767

Publisher:

American Association of Immunologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:07

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:04

Publisher DOI:

10.4049/jimmunol.0903153

PubMed ID:

20083657

Web of Science ID:

000274585100053

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/280 (FactScience: 197298)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback