The HCP5 single-nucleotide polymorphism: a simple screening tool for prediction of hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir

Colombo, Sara; Rauch, Andri; Rotger, Margalida; Fellay, Jacques; Martinez, Raquel; Fux, Christoph; Thurnheer, Christine; Günthard, Huldrych F; Goldstein, David B; Furrer, Hansjakob; Telenti, Amalio (2008). The HCP5 single-nucleotide polymorphism: a simple screening tool for prediction of hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir. Journal of infectious diseases, 198(6), pp. 864-7. Cary, N.C.: The University of Chicago Press 10.1086/591184

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The HLA-B 5701 allele is predictive of hypersensitivity reaction to abacavir, a response herein termed "ABC-HSR." This study of 1,103 individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus assessed the usefulness of genotyping a HCP5 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs2395029, in relation to ABC-HSR. In populations with European ancestry, rs2395029 is in linkage disequilibrium with HLA-B 5701. The HCP5 SNP was present in all 98 HLA-B 5701-positive individuals and was absent in 999 of 1005 HLA-B 5701-negative individuals. rs2395029 was overrepresented in 25 individuals with clinically likely ABC-HSR, compared with its frequency in 175 ABC-tolerant individuals (80% vs. 2%, respectively; P < .0001). Therefore, HCP5 genotyping could serve as a simple screening tool for ABC-HSR, particularly in settings where sequence-based HLA typing is not available.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Rauch, Andri; Fux, Christoph Andreas and Furrer, Hansjakob

ISSN:

0022-1899

ISBN:

18684101

Publisher:

The University of Chicago Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:06

Last Modified:

27 Apr 2018 09:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1086/591184

PubMed ID:

18684101

Web of Science ID:

000258661500011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.28678

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/28678 (FactScience: 125144)

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