Long-term follow-up after complete resection of well-differentiated cancer confined to the thyroid gland

Vorburger, Stephan A; Ubersax, Lucia; Schmid, Stefan W; Balli, Mariette; Candinas, Daniel; Seiler, Christian A (2009). Long-term follow-up after complete resection of well-differentiated cancer confined to the thyroid gland. Annals of surgical oncology, 16(10), pp. 2862-74. New York, N.Y.: Springer-Verlag 10.1245/s10434-009-0592-4

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BACKGROUND: Papillary or follicular thyroid carcinomas exhibit a relatively benign course. Hence, long-term follow-up studies with well-defined disease stages and treatment details are needed to evaluate treatment strategies. METHODS: Patients who underwent complete resection of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) confined to the thyroid gland between 1972 and 1990 identified from a prospective database were assessed. Follow-up was performed by interview, review of patient charts, and analysis of the Death Registry. Primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Review of histology was performed and extent of thyroid resection, postoperative therapy, and recognized prognostic factors but not lymphadenectomy were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 2,867 patients, 213 had complete resection of WDTC confined to the thyroid gland. Follow-up was completed in 166 patients with median age 54.2 (range, 20-85) years, and median follow-up of 27.2 (range, 15.6-34.5) years. The 10- and 20-year OS was 71 and 55%, respectively. DSS at 10 and 20 years was 81 and 69%, respectively, and correlated with age, histology, tumor size, radio-iodide ablation (RIA), and external beam irradiation (EBR) treatment. No patient died of WDTC more than 18 years after resection. Total or near-total thyroidectomy without lymphadenectomy was not superior to partial thyroidectomy. In multivariate analysis for DSS, age was the dominant factor, which correlated with histology. CONCLUSION: After a median follow-up of 27 years, about one-third of patients died of WDTC. Age, histology and postoperative therapy but not extent of thyroid resection determined DSS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Vorburger, Stephan; Schmid, Stefan; Balli, Mariette; Candinas, Daniel and Seiler, Christian A.










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04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

16 Jul 2020 16:58

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https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/29981 (FactScience: 165584)

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