Eotaxin/CCL11 expression by infiltrating macrophages in rat heart transplants during ongoing acute rejection

Zweifel, Martin; Mueller, Christoph; Schaffner, Thomas; Dahinden, Clemens; Matozan, Katja; Driscoll, Robert; Mohacsi, Paul (2009). Eotaxin/CCL11 expression by infiltrating macrophages in rat heart transplants during ongoing acute rejection. Experimental and molecular pathology, 87(2), pp. 127-32. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.yexmp.2009.07.006

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Eotaxin/CCL11 chemokine is expressed in different organs, including the heart, but its precise cellular origin in the heart is unknown. Eotaxin is associated with Th2-like responses and exerts its chemotactic effect through the chemokine receptor-3 (CCR3), which is also expressed on mast cells (MC). The aim of our study was to find the cellular origin of eotaxin in the heart, and to assess whether expression is changing during ongoing acute heart transplant rejection, indicating a correlation with mast cell infiltration which we observed in a previous study. In a model of ongoing acute heart transplant rejection in the rat, we found eotaxin mRNA expression within infiltrating macrophages, but not in mast cells, by in situ-hybridization. A five-fold increase in eotaxin protein in rat heart transplants during ongoing acute rejection was measured on day 28 after transplantation, compared to native and isogeneic control hearts. Eotaxin concentrations in donor hearts on day 28 after transplantation were significantly higher compared to recipient hearts, corroborating an origin of eotaxin from cells within the heart, and not from the blood. The quantitative comparison of eotaxin mRNA expression between native hearts, isografts, and allografts, respectively, revealed no statistically significant difference after transplantation, probably due to an overall increase in the housekeeping gene's 18S rRNA during rejection. Quantitative RT-PCR showed an increase in mRNA expression of CCR3, the receptor for eotaxin, during ongoing acute rejection of rat heart allografts. Although a correlation between increasing eotaxin expression by macrophages and mast cell infiltration is suggestive, functional studies will elucidate the role of eotaxin in the process of ongoing acute heart transplant rejection.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute for Immunology (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Müller, Christoph; Schaffner, Thomas; Dahinden, Clemens A. and Mohacsi, Paul

ISSN:

0014-4800

ISBN:

19631640

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.yexmp.2009.07.006

PubMed ID:

19631640

Web of Science ID:

000275241400007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/29999 (FactScience: 165640)

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