Transmembrane tumor necrosis factor alpha is required for enteropathy and is sufficient to promote parasite expulsion in gastrointestinal helminth infection

Ierna, M X; Scales, H E; Mueller, C; Lawrence, C E (2009). Transmembrane tumor necrosis factor alpha is required for enteropathy and is sufficient to promote parasite expulsion in gastrointestinal helminth infection. Infection and immunity, 77(9), pp. 3879-85. New York, N.Y.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/IAI.01461-08

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To study the specific role of transmembrane tumor necrosis factor (tmTNF) in protective and pathological responses against the gastrointestinal helminth Trichinella spiralis, we compared the immune responses of TNF-alpha/lymphotoxin alpha (LTalpha)(-/-) mice expressing noncleavable transgenic tmTNF to those of TNF-alpha/LTalpha(-/-) and wild-type mice. The susceptibility of TNF-alpha/LTalpha(-/-) mice to T. spiralis infection was associated with impaired induction of a protective Th2 response and the lack of mucosal mastocytosis. Although tmTNF-expressing transgenic (tmTNF-tg) mice also had a reduced Th2 response, the mast cell response was greater than that observed in TNF-alpha/LTalpha(-/-) mice and was sufficient to induce the expulsion of the parasite. T. spiralis infection of tmTNF-tg mice resulted in significant intestinal pathology characterized by villus atrophy and crypt hyperplasia comparable to that induced following the infection of wild-type mice, while pathology in TNF-alpha/LTalpha(-/-) mice was significantly reduced. Our data thus indicate a role for tmTNF in host defense against gastrointestinal helminths and in the accompanying enteropathy. Furthermore, they also demonstrate that TNF-alpha is required for the induction of Th2 immune responses related to infection with gastrointestinal helminth parasites.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Müller, Christoph

ISSN:

0019-9567

ISBN:

19564380

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:08

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/IAI.01461-08

PubMed ID:

19564380

Web of Science ID:

000269947200038

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30008 (FactScience: 165717)

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