Induction of Bim limits cytokine-mediated prolonged survival of neutrophils

Andina, N; Conus, S; Schneider, E M; Fey, M F; Simon, H U (2009). Induction of Bim limits cytokine-mediated prolonged survival of neutrophils. Cell death and differentiation, 16(9), pp. 1248-55. Basingstoke: Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/cdd.2009.50

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Under inflammatory conditions, neutrophil apoptosis is delayed due to survival-factor exposure, a mechanism that prevents the resolution of inflammation. One important proinflammatory cytokine involved in the regulation of neutrophil survival/activation is granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Although GM-CSF mediates antiapoptotic effects in neutrophils, it does not prevent apoptosis, and the survival effect is both time dependent and limited. Here, we identified the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bim as an important lifespan limiting molecule in neutrophils, particularly under conditions of survival factor exposure. Strikingly, GM-CSF induced Bim expression in both human and mouse neutrophils that was blocked by pharmacological inhibition of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K). Increased Bim expression was also seen in human immature bone marrow neutrophils as well as in blood neutrophils from septic shock patients; both cell populations are known to be exposed to GM-CSF under in vivo conditions. The functional role of Bim was investigated using Bim-deficient mouse neutrophils in the presence and absence of the survival cytokines interleukin (IL)-3 and GM-CSF. Lack of Bim expression resulted in a much higher efficacy of the survival cytokines to block neutrophil apoptosis. Taken together, these data demonstrate a functional role for Bim in the regulation of neutrophil apoptosis and suggest that GM-CSF and other neutrophil hematopoietins initiate a proapoptotic counterregulation that involves upregulation of Bim.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Fey, Martin and Simon, Hans-Uwe

ISSN:

1350-9047

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/cdd.2009.50

PubMed ID:

19407828

Web of Science ID:

000269054200007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30711 (FactScience: 194989)

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