Phenotypic associations of Crohn's disease with antibodies to flagellins A4-Fla2 and Fla-X, ASCA, p-ANCA, PAB, and NOD2 mutations in a Swiss Cohort

Schoepfer, Alain M; Schaffer, Thomas; Mueller, Stefan; Flogerzi, Beatrice; Vassella, Erik; Seibold-Schmid, Beatrice; Seibold, Frank (2009). Phenotypic associations of Crohn's disease with antibodies to flagellins A4-Fla2 and Fla-X, ASCA, p-ANCA, PAB, and NOD2 mutations in a Swiss Cohort. Inflammatory bowel diseases, 15(9), pp. 1358-67. Hagerstown, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1002/ibd.20892

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BACKGROUND: Distinct Crohn's disease (CD) phenotypes correlate with antibody reactivity to microbial antigens. We examined the association between antibody response to 2 new flagellins called A4-Fla2 and Fla-X, anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA), anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA), anti-pancreas antibodies (PAB), NOD2 mutations (R702W, G908R, and L1007fsinsC), and clinical CD phenotypes (according to Vienna criteria). METHODS: All the above-mentioned antibodies as well as NOD2 mutations were determined in 252 CD patients, 53 with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 43 healthy controls (HC) and correlated with clinical data. RESULTS: A seroreactivity for A4-Fla2/Fla-X/ASCA/p-ANCA/PAB (in percent) was found in 59/57/62/12/22 of CD patients, 6/6/4/51/0 of UC patients, and 0/2/5/0/0 of healthy controls. CD behavior: 37% B1, 36% B2, and 27% B3. In multivariate logistic regression, antibodies to A4-Fla2, Fla-X, and ASCA were significantly associated with stricturing phenotype (P = 0.027, P = 0.041, P < 0.001), negative associations were found with inflammatory phenotype (P = 0.001, P = 0.005, P < 0.001). Antibodies to A4-Fla2, Fla-X, ASCA, and NOD2 mutations were significantly associated with small bowel disease (P = 0.013, P = 0.01, P < 0.001, P = 0.04), whereas ASCA was correlated with fistulizing disease (P = 0.007), and small bowel surgery (P = 0.009). Multiple antibody responses against microbial antigens were associated with stricturing (P < 0.001), fistulizing disease (P = 0.002), and small bowel surgery (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-flagellin antibodies and ASCA are strongly associated with complicated CD phenotypes. CD patients with serum reactivity against multiple microbes have the greatest frequency of strictures, perforations, and small bowel surgery. Further prospective longitudinal studies are needed to show that antibody-based risk stratification improves the clinical outcome of CD patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Vassella, Erik and Seibold, Frank Werner

ISSN:

1078-0998

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ibd.20892

PubMed ID:

19253375

Web of Science ID:

000269727700017

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30957 (FactScience: 195333)

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