Direct combination of nanoparticle fabrication and exposure to lung cell cultures in a closed setup as a method to simulate accidental nanoparticle exposure of humans

Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara; Grass, Robert N; Blank, Fabian; Limbach, Ludwig K; Mühlfeld, Christian; Brandenberger, Christina; Raemy, David O; Gehr, Peter; Stark, Wendelin J (2009). Direct combination of nanoparticle fabrication and exposure to lung cell cultures in a closed setup as a method to simulate accidental nanoparticle exposure of humans. Environmental science & technology, 43(7), pp. 2634-40. Washington, D.C.: ACS Publications 10.1021/es8029347

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

The tremendous application potential of nanosized materials stays in sharp contrast to a growing number of critical reports of their potential toxicity. Applications of in vitro methods to assess nanoparticles are severely limited through difficulties in exposing cells of the respiratory tract directly to airborne engineered nanoparticles. We present a completely new approach to expose lung cells to particles generated in situ by flame spray synthesis. Cerium oxide nanoparticles from a single run were produced and simultaneously exposed to the surface of cultured lung cells inside a glovebox. Separately collected samples were used to measure hydrodynamic particle size distribution, shape, and agglomerate morphology. Cell viability was not impaired by the conditions of the glovebox exposure. The tightness of the lung cell monolayer, the mean total lamellar body volume, and the generation of oxidative DNA damage revealed a dose-dependent cellular response to the airborne engineered nanoparticles. The direct combination of production and exposure allows studying particle toxicity in a simple and reproducible way under environmental conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Pneumologie (Erwachsene)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Pneumology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Topographical and Clinical Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara; Blank, Fabian and Brandenberger, Christina

ISSN:

0013-936X

Publisher:

ACS Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:11

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1021/es8029347

PubMed ID:

19452928

Web of Science ID:

000264759600079

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31057 (FactScience: 195456)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback