Intensive insulin treatment

Merz, T M; Finfer, S (2009). Intensive insulin treatment. Minerva anestesiologica, 75(12), pp. 703-9. Torino: Minerva Medica

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Hyperglycaemia is common in acute illness and more severe hyperglycaemia is associated with worse outcomes in critically ill patients in general and after acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and trauma. Normalization of blood glucose by intensive insulin therapy has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in one study in surgical intensive care patients; a subsequent study in medical intensive care patients resulted in reduced morbidity but not a reduction in mortality. Multicentre studies and current meta-analyses in the critically ill have not demonstrated improved outcomes when normalization of blood glucose was targeted; furthermore all studies to date have detected an increased risk of hypoglycaemia in patients subjected to intensive insulin therapy. At present, universal treatment guidelines or recommendations to target strict normoglycaemia must be considered premature. Further data will be available after the completion of the NICE-SUGAR study which has recruited 6103 patients; the NICE SUGAR study will add significant power to future meta-analyses and may help define the role of intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Merz, Tobias




Minerva Medica




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:13

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:23

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Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 197252)

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