Depressive symptoms from kindergarten to early school age: longitudinal associations with social skills deficits and peer victimization

Perren, Sonja; Alsaker, Françoise (2009). Depressive symptoms from kindergarten to early school age: longitudinal associations with social skills deficits and peer victimization. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 3(1), p. 28. London: BioMed Central 10.1186/1753-2000-3-28

[img]
Preview
Text
1753-2000-3-28.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (308kB) | Preview

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in children are associated with social skills deficits and problems with peers. We propose a model which suggests different mechanisms for the impact of deficits in self-oriented social skills (assertiveness and social participation) and other-oriented social skills (pro-social, cooperative and non-aggressive behaviors) on children's depressive symptoms. We hypothesized that deficits in self-oriented social skills have a direct impact on children's depressive symptoms because these children have non-rewarding interactions with peers, whereas the impact of deficits in other-oriented social skills on depressive symptoms is mediated through negative reactions from peers such as peer victimization. METHOD: 378 kindergarten children (163 girls) participated at two assessments (Age at T1: M = 5.8, T2: M = 7.4). Teachers completed questionnaires on children's social skills at T1. Teacher reports on peer victimization and depressive symptoms were assessed at both assessment points. RESULTS: Our study partially confirmed the suggested conceptual model. Deficits in self-oriented social skills significantly predicted depressive symptoms, whereas deficits in other-oriented social skills were more strongly associated with peer victimization. Longitudinal associations between other-oriented social skills and depressive symptoms were mediated through peer victimization. CONCLUSION: The study emphasizes the role of deficits in self-oriented social skills and peer victimization for the development of internalizing disorders.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Alsaker, Françoise

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1753-2000

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:17

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1753-2000-3-28

PubMed ID:

19772574

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.34083

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/34083 (FactScience: 199973)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback