Transdisciplinary co-production of knowledge in the development of organic agriculture in Switzerland

Aeberhard, Andrea; Rist, Stephan (2009). Transdisciplinary co-production of knowledge in the development of organic agriculture in Switzerland. Ecological economics, 68(4), pp. 1171-1181. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.08.008

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The present study analyses transdisciplinary co-production of knowledge in the development of organic farming in Switzerland by using Fleck's theory of thought styles and thought collectives. Three different phases can be identified throughout the historical development. The initial phase lasting from the beginning of the 1920s to the early 1970s contains numerous characteristics of diverse well-established definitions and concepts of transdisciplinarity and represents a successful transdisciplinary process, which has not been perceived as such in the past and present scientific discussion. The second and third phases show an increasing segregation of thought collectives, caused by internal changes such as the establishment of specialised research institutions and external processes like agriculture policy and market development. These developments led to a decreasing degree of transdisciplinarity. We observe an ambiguous trend: the continuously growing and today well-established positive societal recognition of an initially rather little accepted newcomer movement is associated with the gradual loss of its very valuable forms of knowledge co-production and the related philosophical background. In order to maintain the various forms of transdisciplinary co-production of knowledge, one has to reflect not only their results or outcome but also the whole cooperation process, which has led to these results. The understanding of the historical development and characteristic features of knowledge co-production as presented in this study will help to reinforce transdisciplinary research in organic agriculture and research on transdisciplinarity in general.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography > Unit Geography of Sustainable Development
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > NCCR North-South Management Centre (discontinued)
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Interdisciplinary Centre for General Ecology (IKAÖ)

UniBE Contributor:

Aeberhard, Andrea and Rist, Stephan

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

0921-8009

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:17

Last Modified:

19 Nov 2015 16:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.08.008

Web of Science ID:

000263761300023

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.34354

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/34354 (FactScience: 200323)

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