Comparative study of vertebral fractures and luxations in dogs and cats

Bali, Monty; Lang, Johann; Jaggy, André; Spreng, David; Doherr, Marcus; Forterre, Franck (2009). Comparative study of vertebral fractures and luxations in dogs and cats. Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology, 22(1), pp. 47-53. Stuttgart: Schattauer 10.3415/VCOT-08-02-0018

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The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare patterns of vertebral fractures and luxations in 42 cats and 47 dogs, and to evaluate the impact of species-related differences on clinical outcome. Data regarding aetiology, neurological status, radiographic appearance and follow-up were compared between the groups. The thoracolumbar (Th3-L3) area was the most commonly affected location in both cats (49%) and dogs (58%). No lesions were observed in the cervical vertebral segments in cats, and none of the cats showed any signs of a Schiff-Sherrington syndrome. Vertebral luxations were significantly more frequent in dogs (20%) than in cats (6%), whereas combined fracture-luxations occurred significantly more often in cats (65%) than in dogs (37%). Caudal vertebral segment displacement was mostly dorsal in cats and ventral in dogs, with a significant difference in direction between cats and large dogs. The clinical outcome did not differ significantly between the two populations, and was poor in most cases (cats: 61%; dogs: 56%). The degree of dislocation and axis deviation were both significantly associated with a worse outcome in dogs, but not in cats. Although several differences in vertebral fractures and luxation patterns exist between cats and dogs, these generally do not seem to affect outcome.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Neurology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Radiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Bali, Monty; Lang, Johann; Jaggy, André; Spreng, David; Doherr, Marcus and Forterre, Franck

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0932-0814

Publisher:

Schattauer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

16 Feb 2015 12:35

Publisher DOI:

10.3415/VCOT-08-02-0018

PubMed ID:

19151870

Web of Science ID:

000263462600010

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.38238

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38238 (FactScience: 220756)

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