Neospora caninum and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells: parasite survival, proliferation, and induction of cytokine expression

Strohbusch, M.; Muller, N.; Hemphill, A.; Margos, M.; Grandgirard, D.; Leib, Stephen; Greif, G.; Gottstein, B. (2009). Neospora caninum and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells: parasite survival, proliferation, and induction of cytokine expression. Parasite immunology, 31(7), pp. 366-372. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications 10.1111/j.1365-3024.2009.01112.x

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Dendritic cells (DCs) represent the first line defence of the innate immune system following infection with pathogens. We exploratively addressed invasion and survival ability of Neospora caninum, a parasite causing abortion in cattle, in mouse bone marrow DCs (BMDCs), and respective cytokine expression patterns. Immature BMDCs were exposed to viable (untreated) and nonviable parasites that had been inactivated by different means. Invasion and/or internalization, as well as intracellular survival and proliferation of tachyzoites were determined by NcGRA2-RT-PCR and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cytokine expression was evaluated by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and cytokine ELISA. Transmission electron microscopy of DCs stimulated with untreated viable parasites revealed that N. caninum was able to invade and proliferate within BMDCs. This was confirmed by NcGRA2-RT-PCR. On the other hand, no viable parasite organisms were revealed by TEM when exposing BMDCs to inactivated parasites (nonviability demonstrated by NcGRA2-RT-PCR). Cytokine expression analysis (as assessed by both RT-PCR and ELISA) demonstrated that both viable and nonviable parasites stimulated mBMDCs to express IL-12p40, IL-10 and TNF-alpha, whereas IL-4 RNA expression was not detected. Thus, exposure of mBMDCs to both viable and nonviable parasites results in the expression of cytokines that are relevant for a mixed Th1/Th2 immune response.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases

UniBE Contributor:

Müller, Norbert, Hemphill, Andrew, Leib, Stephen, Gottstein, Bruno


600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Blackwell Scientific Publications




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:26

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URI: (FactScience: 221181)

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