Presence of UV filters in surface water and the effects of phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following a chronic toxicity test

Grabicova, Katerina; Fedorova, Ganna; Burkina, Viktoriia; Steinbach, Christoph; Schmidt-Posthaus, Heike; Zlabek, Vladimir; Kroupova, Hana Kocour; Grabic, Roman; Randak, Tomas (2013). Presence of UV filters in surface water and the effects of phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) following a chronic toxicity test. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 96, pp. 41-47. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.06.022

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UV filters belong to a group of compounds that are used by humans and are present in municipal waste-waters, effluents from sewage treatment plants and surface waters. Current information regarding UV filters and their effects on fish is limited. In this study, the occurrence of three commonly used UV filters - 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (PBSA), 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (benzophenone-3, BP-3) and 5-benzoyl-4-hydroxy-2-methoxy-benzenesulfonic acid (benzophenone-4, BP-4) - in South Bohemia (Czech Republic) surface waters is presented. PBSA concentrations (up to 13μgL(-1)) were significantly greater than BP-3 or BP-4 concentrations (up to 620 and 390ngL(-1), respectively). On the basis of these results, PBSA was selected for use in a toxicity test utilizing the common model organism rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish were exposed to three concentrations of PBSA (1, 10 and 1000µgL(-1)) for 21 and 42 days. The PBSA concentrations in the fish plasma, liver and kidneys were elevated after 21 and 42 days of exposure. PBSA increased activity of certain P450 cytochromes. Exposure to PBSA also changed various biochemical parameters and enzyme activities in the fish plasma. However, no pathological changes were obvious in the liver or gonads.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Schmidt-Posthaus, Heike

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

0147-6513

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Heike Schmidt Posthaus

Date Deposited:

11 Nov 2013 12:16

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2014 06:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.06.022

PubMed ID:

23906701

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Rainbow trout, Chronic toxicity test, UV filters, 2-Phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid, Surface water

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.38889

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38889

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