Palaeoceanographic changes in the North Atlantic during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MIS 31-19) as inferred from planktonic foraminiferal and calcium carbonate records

Hernandez Almeida, Ivan; Sierro, Francisco Javier; Flores, José-Abel; Cacho, Isabel; Filippelli, Gabriel Michael (2013). Palaeoceanographic changes in the North Atlantic during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MIS 31-19) as inferred from planktonic foraminiferal and calcium carbonate records. Boreas, 42(1), pp. 140-159. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00283.x

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Marine sediments from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Project (IODP) Site U1314 (56.36°N, 27.88°W), in the subpolar North Atlantic, were studied for their planktonic foraminifera, calcium carbonate content, and Neogloboqudrina pachyderma sinistral (sin.) δ13C records in order to reconstruct surface and intermediate conditions in this region during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT). Variations in the palaeoceanography and regional dynamics of the Arctic Front were estimated by comparing CaCO3 content, planktonic foraminiferal species abundances, carbon isotopes and ice-rafted debris (IRD) data from Site U1314 with published data from other North Atlantic sites. Site U1314 exhibited high abundances of the polar planktonic foraminifera N. pachyderma sin. and low CaCO3 content until Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 26, indicating a relatively southeastward position of the Arctic Front (AF) and penetration of colder and low-salinity surface arctic water-masses. Changing conditions after MIS 25, with oscillations in the position of the AF, caused an increase in the northward export of the warmer North Atlantic Current (NAC), indicated by greater abundances of non-polar planktonic foraminifera and higher CaCO3. The N. pachyderma sin. δ13C data indicate good ventilation of the upper part of the intermediate water layer in the eastern North Atlantic during both glacial and interglacial stages, except during Terminations 24/23, 22/21 and 20/1. In addition, for N. pachyderma (sin.) we distinguished two morphotypes: non-encrusted and heavily encrusted test. Results indicate that increases in the encrusted morphotype and lower planktonic foraminiferal diversity are related to the intensification of glacial conditions (lower sea-surface temperatures, sea-ice formation) during MIS 22 and 20.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Paleolimnology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Hernandez Almeida, Ivan

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0300-9483

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

17 Jan 2014 09:31

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2017 07:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00283.x

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39449

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39449

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