Direction detection thresholds of passive self-motion in artistic gymnasts

Hartmann, Matthias; Haller, Katia; Moser, Ivan; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim; Mast, Fred (2014). Direction detection thresholds of passive self-motion in artistic gymnasts. Experimental brain research, 232(4), pp. 1249-1258. Springer 10.1007/s00221-014-3841-0

[img] Text
Hartmann14_Direction detection thresholds in artistic gymnasts.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (452kB) | Request a copy

In this study, we compared direction detection thresholds of passive self-motion in the dark between artistic gymnasts and controls. Twenty-four professional female artistic gymnasts (ranging from 7 to 20 years) and age-matched controls were seated on a motion platform and asked to discriminate the direction of angular (yaw, pitch, roll) and linear (leftward–rightward) motion. Gymnasts showed lower thresholds for the linear leftward–rightward motion. Interestingly, there was no difference for the angular motions. These results show that the outstanding self-motion abilities in artistic gymnasts are not related to an overall higher sensitivity in self-motion perception. With respect to vestibular processing, our results suggest that gymnastic expertise is exclusively linked to superior interpretation of otolith signals when no change in canal signals is present. In addition, thresholds were overall lower for the older (14–20 years) than for the younger (7–13 years) participants, indicating the maturation of vestibular sensitivity from childhood to adolescence.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Hartmann, Matthias; Haller, Katia; Moser, Ivan; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim and Mast, Fred

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-4819

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Matthias Maalouli-Hartmann

Date Deposited:

06 Mar 2014 16:10

Last Modified:

27 Jul 2015 10:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00221-014-3841-0

PubMed ID:

24463426

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41302

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41302

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback