Relations between the attentional blink and aspects of psychometric intelligence: A fixed-links modeling approach

Wagner, Felicitas L.; Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Schweizer, Karl; Troche, Stefan J. (2014). Relations between the attentional blink and aspects of psychometric intelligence: A fixed-links modeling approach. Personality and individual differences, 58, pp. 122-127. Pergamon 10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.023

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The attentional blink phenomenon (AB) represents impaired identification of the second of two targets presented in rapid succession within a stream of stimuli. Despite the well-known association between attentional processes and psychometric intelligence (PI), evidence for a relationship between AB and PI is highly inconsistent. Theory and empirical findings suggest AB to be multifaceted. Hence, relations between AB and PI may be blurred when AB is measured as a single process. Furthermore, different aspects of PI might be differentially related to AB. The present study explored the relationship between processes underlying AB and general PI as well as specific aspects of PI (Reasoning, Speed, Memory, and Creativity) in 201 female students. Fixed-links modeling revealed three processes underlying AB: (1) a U-shaped process positively related to Speed and negatively related to Memory but unrelated to Reasoning, Creativity, and general PI, (2) an increasing process positively related to Reasoning, Speed, Memory, and general PI but not to Creativity, and (3) a decreasing process positively related to general PI and Memory but not to other aspects of PI. Our findings demonstrate that dissociating processes underlying AB and considering specific aspects of PI is required to understand the relationship between AB and PI.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)

UniBE Contributor:

Wagner, Felicitas Lony; Rammsayer, Thomas and Troche, Stefan

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0191-8869

Publisher:

Pergamon

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

11 Apr 2014 16:10

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2015 09:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.023

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43624

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43624

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