Genome-wide analysis in German shepherd dogs reveals association of a locus on CFA 27 with atopic dermatitis

Tengvall, Katarina; Kierczak, Marcin; Bergvall, Kerstin; Olsson, Mia; Frankowiack, Marcel; Farias, Fabiana H G; Pielberg, Gerli; Carlborg, Örjan; Leeb, Tosso; Andersson, Göran; Hammarström, Lennart; Hedhammar, Åke; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin (2013). Genome-wide analysis in German shepherd dogs reveals association of a locus on CFA 27 with atopic dermatitis. PLoS genetics, 9(5), e1003475. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003475

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Humans and dogs are both affected by the allergic skin disease atopic dermatitis (AD), caused by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. The German shepherd dog (GSD) is a high-risk breed for canine AD (CAD). In this study, we used a Swedish cohort of GSDs as a model for human AD. Serum IgA levels are known to be lower in GSDs compared to other breeds. We detected significantly lower IgA levels in the CAD cases compared to controls (p = 1.1 × 10(-5)) in our study population. We also detected a separation within the GSD cohort, where dogs could be grouped into two different subpopulations. Disease prevalence differed significantly between the subpopulations contributing to population stratification (λ = 1.3), which was successfully corrected for using a mixed model approach. A genome-wide association analysis of CAD was performed (n cases = 91, n controls = 88). IgA levels were included in the model, due to the high correlation between CAD and low IgA levels. In addition, we detected a correlation between IgA levels and the age at the time of sampling (corr = 0.42, p = 3.0 × 10(-9)), thus age was included in the model. A genome-wide significant association was detected on chromosome 27 (praw = 3.1 × 10(-7), pgenome = 0.03). The total associated region was defined as a ~1.5-Mb-long haplotype including eight genes. Through targeted re-sequencing and additional genotyping of a subset of identified SNPs, we defined 11 smaller haplotype blocks within the associated region. Two blocks showed the strongest association to CAD. The ~209-kb region, defined by the two blocks, harbors only the PKP2 gene, encoding Plakophilin 2 expressed in the desmosomes and important for skin structure. Our results may yield further insight into the genetics behind both canine and human AD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > DermFocus
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Leeb, Tosso

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1553-7390

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Susanne Portner

Date Deposited:

04 Jul 2014 15:10

Last Modified:

23 Feb 2016 08:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pgen.1003475

PubMed ID:

23671420

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.43864

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/43864

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