Social/Interpersonal Factors as Predictors for PTSD Symptoms in Former Political Prisoners

Krammer, Sandy; Fankhauser, Sonja; Gäbler, Ira; Schützwohl, Matthias; Maercker, Andreas (2013). Social/Interpersonal Factors as Predictors for PTSD Symptoms in Former Political Prisoners. Trauma und Gewalt(4) Klett-Cotta

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Social/interpersonal factors play a central role in PTSD. Previous studies have indicated the specific pathways along which these factors take effect. The study reported here investigates these pathways with reference to a sample of former political prisoners jailed in the GDR. It examines dysfunctional disclosure of traumatic experiences, social acknowledgement, general social support and forgiveness tendencies. For the study N = 86 non-treatment-seeking former political prisoners were recruited (average age 64 years). The instruments employed were the Disclosure of Trauma questionnaire, the Social Acknowledgement questionnaire, the Social Support questionnaire, the Tendency to Forgive scale and the Impact of Event scale (revised). Dysfunctional disclosure was proximally, social acknowledgement distally and general social support and forgiveness indirectly associated with PTSD symptomatologies. The study casts light on potential pathways to posttraumatic adjustment, with special reference to social/interpersonal factors.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Krammer, Sandy; Fankhauser, Sonja and Maercker, Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education






Katrin Renfer

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2014 15:17

Last Modified:

24 Apr 2014 15:17


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