Fatty acid-induced mitochondrial uncoupling elicits inflammasome-independent IL-1α and sterile vascular inflammation in atherosclerosis

Freigang, Stefan Bernd; Ampenberger, Franziska; Weiss, Adrienne; Kanneganti, Thirumala-Devi; Iwakura, Yoichiro; Hersberger, Martin; Kopf, Manfred (2013). Fatty acid-induced mitochondrial uncoupling elicits inflammasome-independent IL-1α and sterile vascular inflammation in atherosclerosis. Nature immunology, 14(10), pp. 1045-1053. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/ni.2704

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Chronic inflammation is a fundamental aspect of metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Cholesterol crystals are metabolic signals that trigger sterile inflammation in atherosclerosis, presumably by activating inflammasomes for IL-1β production. We found here that atherogenesis was mediated by IL-1α and we identified fatty acids as potent inducers of IL-1α-driven vascular inflammation. Fatty acids selectively stimulated the release of IL-1α but not of IL-1β by uncoupling mitochondrial respiration. Fatty acid-induced mitochondrial uncoupling abrogated IL-1β secretion, which deviated the cholesterol crystal-elicited response toward selective production of IL-1α. Our findings delineate a previously unknown pathway for vascular immunopathology that links the cellular response to metabolic stress with innate inflammation, and suggest that IL-1α, not IL-1β, should be targeted in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Immunopathology

UniBE Contributor:

Freigang, Stefan Bernd

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1529-2908

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Arnold

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2014 16:04

Last Modified:

31 Mar 2016 08:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/ni.2704

PubMed ID:

23995233

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.45894

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/45894

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