Ezrin/Radixin/Moesin proteins and flotillins cooperate to promote uropod formation in T cells

Martinelli, Sibylla; Chen, Emily J. H.; Clarke, Fiona; Lyck, Ruth; Affentranger, Sarah; Burkhardt, Janis K.; Niggli, Verena (2013). Ezrin/Radixin/Moesin proteins and flotillins cooperate to promote uropod formation in T cells. Frontiers in immunology, 4, p. 84. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fimmu.2013.00084

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T cell uropods are enriched in specific proteins including adhesion receptors such as P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), lipid raft-associated proteins such as flotillins and ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins which associate with cholesterol-rich raft domains and anchor adhesion receptors to the actin cytoskeleton. Using dominant mutants and siRNA technology we have tested the interactions among these proteins and their role in shaping the T cell uropod. Expression of wild type (WT) ezrin-EGFP failed to affect the morphology of human T cells or chemokine-induced uropod recruitment of PSGL-1 and flotillin-1 and -2. In contrast, expression of constitutively active T567D ezrin-EGFP induced a motile, polarized phenotype in some of the transfected T cells, even in the absence of chemokine. These cells featured F-actin-rich ruffles in the front and uropod enrichment of PSGL-1 and flotillins. T567D ezrin-EGFP was itself strongly enriched in the rear of the polarized T cells. Uropod formation induced by T567D ezrin-EGFP was actin-dependent as it was attenuated by inhibition of Rho-kinase or myosin II, and abolished by disruption of actin filaments. While expression of constitutively active ezrin enhanced cell polarity, expression of a dominant-negative deletion mutant of ezrin, 1-310 ezrin-EGFP, markedly reduced uropod formation induced by the chemokine SDF-1, T cell front-tail polarity, and capping of PSGL-1 and flotillins. Transfection of T cells with WT or T567D ezrin did not affect chemokine-mediated chemotaxis whereas 1-310 ezrin significantly impaired spontaneous 2D migration and chemotaxis. siRNA-mediated downregulation of flotillins in murine T cells attenuated moesin capping and uropod formation, indicating that ERM proteins and flotillins cooperate in uropod formation. In summary, our results indicate that activated ERM proteins function together with flotillins to promote efficient chemotaxis of T cells by structuring the uropod of migrating T cells.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Inflammatory Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Martinelli, Sibylla; Lyck, Ruth; Affentranger, Sarah and Niggli, Verena

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1664-3224

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Arnold

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2014 10:15

Last Modified:

12 Dec 2014 06:45

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fimmu.2013.00084

PubMed ID:

23579783

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.46055

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/46055

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