Internationale Kontrolle lokaler Verwaltung in einer Konfliktregion. Das Experiment „Freie Stadt Danzig“ (1920-1939)

Dyroff, Stefan (2013). Internationale Kontrolle lokaler Verwaltung in einer Konfliktregion. Das Experiment „Freie Stadt Danzig“ (1920-1939). In: Frommelt, Fabian (ed.) Zwangsadministrationen. Legitimierte Fremdverwaltung im historischen Vergleich (17. bis 21. Jahrhundert). Historische Forschungen: Vol. 100 (pp. 183-203). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot

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The Free City of Danzig was founded by the Allies after World War One to settle the conflict between Poles and Germans as to which territory the town belonged. The League of Nations was designated to be the guarantor of its status. British and American experts and policy advisors saw it as an experiment on the way to new forms of statehood, by means of which nationalism as the founding principle of territorial entities could be overcome. However, the „Free City“ status was rejected by both the city’s inhabitants and German and Polish government agencies, with the result that the League and its local representative, the High Commissioner, were constantly confronted with difficulties in the interpretation of the international treaties and conventions relating to Danzig. In addition, hardly anyone in Danzig, Germany or Poland was interested in the economic and financial situation of the Free City, but were more interested in winning political battles than in the well-being of the city and its inhabitants. As a result, the situation in Danzig became more and more hopeless. The city became increasingly dependent on (illegal) German subsidies, while the High Commissioners generally cared more about their own prestige and that of their home countries than about the interests of the League of Nations. But as no political means of modifying the city’s status had been provided for, nothing changed formally in Danzig until Germany started the Second World War and annexed the city in September 1939. In retrospect, the international control of local government could not contribute to a long-term solution for Danzig. It merely postponed its violent solution for twenty years.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History

UniBE Contributor:

Dyroff, Stefan

Subjects:

900 History
900 History > 940 History of Europe

ISBN:

978-3428142293

Series:

Historische Forschungen

Publisher:

Duncker & Humblot

Language:

German

Submitter:

Stefan Dyroff

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2014 12:22

Last Modified:

07 Apr 2014 12:22

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/47266

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