The "Image" of the Pharaoh in Judahite and Israelite Society According to the Glyptic Evidence

Münger, Stefan (2 June 2013). The "Image" of the Pharaoh in Judahite and Israelite Society According to the Glyptic Evidence (Unpublished). In: Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus between Text and Memory, History and Imagination. Invitation-Only Conference at UCSD. San Diego/CA. 01.-03.06.2013.

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Among the many thousand scarabs, scaraboids and other stamp-seal amulets unearthed in Iron Age contexts in Cis- and Transjordan, there are many such seals showing royal Egyptian imagery on their bases. Focusing mainly on Pharaonic motifs, the paper aims to catalogue the principal iconemes, to trace their development throughout the Iron Ages and to extrapolate their significance vis-à-vis the contemporary glyptic assemblages.
As will be shown, the royal imagery of the Egyptian king underwent considerable changes during pre-monarchic and monarchic times in Israel/Judah. This allows – to some extent – deducing the perception of the ‘image’ of the Egyptian king in this part of the Southern Levant at the close of the second and during the first centuries of the first millennium BCE.
While the local seal production not only vividly copied earlier and contemporary Egyptian prototypes, it also developed idiosyncratic ‘Pharaonic’ motifs that were produced for the local market. On the other hand, imported Egyptian glyptic goods – such as scarabs and other amulet types – reveal further facets of the consumer behavior. They, too, shed light upon the ideological and religious preferences of the local population and illuminate the development of the vernacular attitude towards the Pharaonic symbols of power – including their obvious political and sacred connotations.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of Jewish Studies
01 Faculty of Theology > Department of Protestant Theology [discontinued] > Institute of Jewish Studies [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Münger, Stefan




Stefan Münger

Date Deposited:

01 Apr 2014 17:55

Last Modified:

17 Sep 2019 10:19


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