Population structure, inbreeding and local adaptation within an endangered riverine specialist: the nase (Chondrostoma nasus)

Hudson, Alan; Vonlanthen, P.; Seehausen, Ole (2014). Population structure, inbreeding and local adaptation within an endangered riverine specialist: the nase (Chondrostoma nasus). Conservation genetics, 15(4), pp. 933-951. Springer 10.1007/s10592-014-0590-3

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Chondrostoma nasus is a cyprinid fish with highly specialized, ecologically and geographically distinct, ontogenetic trophic niches. Nase population numbers across their Swiss range have shown massive declines and many localized extinctions. Here we integrate data from different genetic markers with phenotypic and demographic data to survey patterns of neutral and adaptive genetic diversity in all extant (and one extinct) Swiss nase populations, with the aim to delineate intraspecific conservation units (CUs) and to inform future population management strategies. We discovered two major genetically and geographically distinct population groupings. The first population grouping comprises nase inhabiting rivers flowing into Lake Constance; the second comprises nase populations from Rhine drainages below Lake Constance. Within these clusters there is generally limited genetic differentiation among populations. Genomic outlier scans based on 256–377 polymorphic AFLP loci revealed little evidence of local adaptation both within and among population clusters, with the exception of one candidate locus identified in scans involving the inbred Schanzengraben population. However, significant phenotypic differentiation in body shape between certain populations suggests a need for more intensive future studies of local adaptation. Our data strongly suggests that the two major population groups should be treated as distinct CUs, with any supplemental stocking and reintroductions sourced only from within the range of the CU concerned.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Aquatic Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Hudson, Alan and Seehausen, Ole

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

1572-9737

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marcel Häsler

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2014 10:56

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 01:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10592-014-0590-3

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.48872

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/48872

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