Can molecular markers stratify the diagnostic value of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia?

Hailemariam, Seife; Vosbeck, Jürg; Cathomas, Gieri; Zlobec, Inti; Mattarelli, Gianfranco; Eichenberger, Tobias; Zellweger, Tobias; Bachmann, Alex; Gasser, Thomas C; Bubendorf, Lukas (2011). Can molecular markers stratify the diagnostic value of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia? Human pathology, 42(5), pp. 702-9. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.humpath.2010.09.006

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The diagnostic performance of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in prostatic biopsies has recently been questioned, and molecular analysis of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia has been proposed for improved prediction of prostate cancer. Here, we retrospectively studied the value of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and the immunohistochemical markers ?-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase, Bcl-2, annexin II, and Ki-67 for better risk stratification of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in our local Swiss population. From an initial 165 diagnoses of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, we refuted 61 (37%) after consensus expert review. We used 30 reviewed high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia cases with simultaneous biopsy prostate cancer as positive controls. Rebiopsies were performed in 66 patients with isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, and the median time interval between initial and repeat biopsy was 3 months. Twenty (30%) of the rebiopsies were positive for prostate cancer, and 10 (15%) showed persistent isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Another 2 (3%) of the 66 patients were diagnosed with prostate cancer in a second rebiopsy. Mean prostate-specific antigen serum levels did not significantly differ between the 22 patients with prostate cancer and the 44 without prostate cancer in rebiopsies, and the 30 positive control patients, respectively (median values, 8.1, 7.7, and 8.8 ng/mL). None of the immunohistochemical markers, including ?-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase, Bcl-2, annexin II, and Ki-67, revealed a statistically significant association with the risk of prostate cancer in repeat biopsies. Taken together, the 33% risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer after a diagnosis of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia justifies rebiopsy, at least in our not systematically prostate-specific antigen-screened population. There is not enough evidence that immunohistochemical markers can reproducibly stratify the risk of prostate cancer after a diagnosis of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Zlobec, Inti and Bubendorf, Lukas

ISSN:

0046-8177

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:17

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.humpath.2010.09.006

PubMed ID:

21237492

Web of Science ID:

000289808900010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/5018 (FactScience: 209718)

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