Gender differences at the transition to higher education between migrants and non-migrants: A comparison between Switzerland and France

Griga, Dorit; Becker, Rolf; Hadjar, Andreas (14 February 2013). Gender differences at the transition to higher education between migrants and non-migrants: A comparison between Switzerland and France (Unpublished). In: 7th International Conference of Panel Data Users in Switzerland. Lausanne. 14.02.-15.02.2013.

Within Western societies women or girls meanwhile outperform men or boys with regard to attainments in primary and secondary education. For example concerning upper secondary degrees the share of females attaining the Matura approaches two thirds in Switzerland, while the share of females attaining the Baccalaureate exceeds fifty per cent in France. However, if transitions to higher education are regarded, the share of entitled females entering such institutions is significantly lower than among men in Switzerland. An opposite pattern is observed in France where females outperform men at this educational stage, too. With regard to migrant background, it has been shown by previous research focussing on secondary effects of ethnic origin that such youths enter the more demanding educational tracks (e.g. higher education) more often than their non-migrant peers if controlled for eligibility, their lower socioeconomic status and performances. However, so far only a few studies refer to the question of a possible gender gap regarding secondary effects of ethnic origin (e.g. Fleischmann et al., mimeo). Thus, with regard to a possible interaction of a migrant background and - for example - a female gender, it is important to note that in both countries many migrant groups have their origins in countries and regions where male advantage remains very strong. This is in particular the case for migrant groups from non-Western countries, e.g. Turkey, Algeria, Marocco or Tunisie, where gender gaps in the literacy rates of up to 18 per cent are still observed. In order to investigate the question of a possible disadvantages of women with a migrant background stemming from such countries when compared to non-migrant females two panel studies - the Tree data in Switzerland and the Panel d’élèves 1995 in France -, are analysed.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Sociology of Education

UniBE Contributor:

Griga, Dorit and Becker, Rolf

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dorit Griga

Date Deposited:

16 Sep 2014 07:59

Last Modified:

16 Sep 2014 07:59

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Gender, higher education, migrant background, educational systems

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/50615

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