An mRNA-Derived Noncoding RNA Targets and Regulates the Ribosome.

Pircher, Andreas; Bakowska-Zywicka, Kamilla; Schneider, Lukas; Zywicki, Marek; Polacek, Norbert (2014). An mRNA-Derived Noncoding RNA Targets and Regulates the Ribosome. Molecular cell, 54(1), pp. 147-155. Cell Press 10.1016/j.molcel.2014.02.024

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The structural and functional repertoire of small non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) is central for establishing gene regulation networks in cells and organisms. Here, we show that an mRNA-derived 18-nucleotide-long ncRNA is capable of downregulating translation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by targeting the ribosome. This 18-mer ncRNA binds to polysomes upon salt stress and is crucial for efficient growth under hyperosmotic conditions. Although the 18-mer RNA originates from the TRM10 locus, which encodes a tRNA methyltransferase, genetic analyses revealed the 18-mer RNA nucleotide sequence, rather than the mRNA-encoded enzyme, as the translation regulator. Our data reveal the ribosome as a target for a small regulatory ncRNA and demonstrate the existence of a yet unkown mechanism of translation regulation. Ribosome-targeted small ncRNAs are found in all domains of life and represent a prevalent but so far largely unexplored class of regulatory molecules.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Pircher, Andreas; Schneider, Lukas and Polacek, Norbert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

1097-2765

Publisher:

Cell Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christina Schüpbach

Date Deposited:

11 Jun 2014 09:45

Last Modified:

19 Sep 2017 18:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.molcel.2014.02.024

PubMed ID:

24685157

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52147

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52147

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