In pneumococcal meningitis a novel water-soluble inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases and TNF-alpha converting enzyme attenuates seizures and injury of the cerebral cortex

Meli, D. N.; Loeffler, J. M.; Baumann, P.; Neumann, U.; Buhl, T.; Leppert, D.; Leib, Stephen (2004). In pneumococcal meningitis a novel water-soluble inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases and TNF-alpha converting enzyme attenuates seizures and injury of the cerebral cortex. Journal of neuroimmunology, 151(1-2), pp. 6-11. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2004.01.026

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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) contribute to the pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis. To date, MMP-inhibitors studied in models of meningitis were compromised by their hydrophobic nature. We investigated the pharmacokinetics and the effect of TNF484, a water-soluble hydroxamate-based inhibitor of MMP and TACE, on disease parameters and brain damage in a neonatal rat model of pneumococcal meningitis. At 1 mg/kg q6h TNF484 reduced soluble TNF-alpha and the collagen degradation product hydroxyproline in the cerebrospinal fluid. Clinically, TNF484 attenuated the incidence of seizures and was neuroprotective in the cortex. Water-soluble MMP-inhibitors may hold promise in the therapy of bacterial meningitis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Leib, Stephen

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0165-5728

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephen Leib

Date Deposited:

01 Sep 2014 09:55

Last Modified:

14 Dec 2014 11:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jneuroim.2004.01.026

PubMed ID:

15145598

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bacterial meningitis, Matrix metalloproteinases, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.52735

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/52735

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