On sex-related differences in auditory and visual sensory functioning

Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Troche, Stefan J. (2012). On sex-related differences in auditory and visual sensory functioning. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41(3), pp. 583-590. Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com 10.1007/s10508-011-9880-8

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The present study was designed to elucidate sex-related differences in two basic auditory and one basic visual aspect of sensory functioning, namely sensory discrimination of pitch, loudness, and brightness. Although these three aspects of sensory functioning are of vital importance in everyday life, little is known about whether men and women differ from each other in these sensory functions. Participants were 100 male and 100 female volunteers ranging in age from 18 to 30 years. Since sensory sensitivity may be positively related to individual levels of intelligence and musical experience, measures of psychometric intelligence and musical background were also obtained. Reliably better performance for men compared to women was found for pitch and loudness, but not for brightness discrimination. Furthermore, performance on loudness discrimination was positively related to psychometric intelligence, while pitch discrimination was positively related to both psychometric intelligence and levels of musical training. Additional regression analyses revealed that each of three predictor variables (sex, psychometric intelligence, and musical training) accounted for a statistically significant portion of unique variance in pitch discrimination. With regard to loudness discrimination, regression analysis yielded a statistically significant portion of unique variance for sex as a predictor variable, whereas psychometric intelligence just failed to reach statistical significance. The potential influence of sex hormones on sex-related differences in sensory functions is discussed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Rammsayer, Thomas and Troche, Stefan

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

0004-0002

Publisher:

Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Stettler

Date Deposited:

30 May 2014 15:58

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 00:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10508-011-9880-8

PubMed ID:

22183583

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.53249

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/53249

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