DARPins recognizing the tumor-associated antigen EpCAM selected by phage and ribosome display and engineered for multivalency

Stefan, Nikolas; Martin-Killias, Patricia; Wyss-Stoeckle, Sascha; Honegger, Annemarie; Zangemeister-Wittke, Uwe; Plückthun, Andreas (2011). DARPins recognizing the tumor-associated antigen EpCAM selected by phage and ribosome display and engineered for multivalency. Journal of molecular biology, 413(4), pp. 826-43. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.09.016

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Designed Ankyrin Repeat Proteins (DARPins) represent a novel class of binding molecules. Their favorable biophysical properties such as high affinity, stability and expression yields make them ideal candidates for tumor targeting. Here, we describe the selection of DARPins specific for the tumor-associated antigen epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), an approved therapeutic target on solid tumors. We selected DARPins from combinatorial libraries by both phage display and ribosome display and compared their binding on tumor cells. By further rounds of random mutagenesis and ribosome display selection, binders with picomolar affinity were obtained that were entirely monomeric and could be expressed at high yields in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli. One of the binders, denoted Ec1, bound to EpCAM with picomolar affinity (K(d)=68 pM), and another selected DARPin (Ac2) recognized a different epitope on EpCAM. Through the use of a variety of bivalent and tetravalent arrangements with these DARPins, the off-rate on cells was further improved by up to 47-fold. All EpCAM-specific DARPins were efficiently internalized by receptor-mediated endocytosis, which is essential for intracellular delivery of anticancer agents to tumor cells. Thus, using EpCAM as a target, we provide evidence that DARPins can be conveniently selected and rationally engineered to high-affinity binders of various formats for tumor targeting.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Zangemeister-Wittke, Uwe

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-2836

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:18

Last Modified:

18 Feb 2016 14:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jmb.2011.09.016

PubMed ID:

21963989

Web of Science ID:

000297493800008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/5467 (FactScience: 210214)

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