High colonization rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in Swiss Travellers to South Asia- a prospective observational multicentre cohort study looking at epidemiology, microbiology and risk factors.

Kuenzli, Esther; Jaeger, Veronika K; Frei, Reno; Neumayr, Andreas; DeCrom, Susan; Haller, Sabine; Blum, Johannes; Widmer, Andreas F; Furrer, Hansjakob; Battegay, Manuel; Endimiani, Andrea; Hatz, Christoph (2014). High colonization rates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in Swiss Travellers to South Asia- a prospective observational multicentre cohort study looking at epidemiology, microbiology and risk factors. BMC infectious diseases, 14(528), p. 528. BioMed Central 10.1186/1471-2334-14-528

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BACKGROUND International travel contributes to the worldwide spread of multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Rates of travel-related faecal colonization with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae vary for different destinations. Especially travellers returning from the Indian subcontinent show high colonization rates. So far, nothing is known about region-specific risk factors for becoming colonized. METHODS An observational prospective multicentre cohort study investigated travellers to South Asia. Before and after travelling, rectal swabs were screened for third-generation cephalosporin- and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Participants completed questionnaires to identify risk factors for becoming colonized. Covariates were assessed univariately, followed by a multivariate regression. RESULTS Hundred and seventy persons were enrolled, the largest data set on travellers to the Indian subcontinent so far. The acquired colonization rate with ESBL-producing Escherichia coli overall was 69.4% (95% CI 62.1-75.9%), being highest in travellers returning from India (86.8%; 95% CI 78.5-95.0%) and lowest in travellers returning from Sri Lanka (34.7%; 95% CI 22.9-48.7%). Associated risk factors were travel destination, length of stay, visiting friends and relatives, and eating ice cream and pastry. CONCLUSIONS High colonization rates with ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae were found in travellers returning from South Asia. Though risk factors were identified, a more common source, i.e. environmental, appears to better explain the high colonization rates.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Furrer, Hansjakob and Endimiani, Andrea

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1471-2334

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

01 Dec 2014 16:02

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 01:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1471-2334-14-528

PubMed ID:

25270732

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.59347

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/59347

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