Individual differences in inhibitory control - relationship between baseline activation in lateral PFC and an electrophysiological index of response inhibition

Schiller, Bastian; Gianotti, Lorena; Nash, Kyle Andrew; Knoch, Daria (2014). Individual differences in inhibitory control - relationship between baseline activation in lateral PFC and an electrophysiological index of response inhibition. Cerebral cortex, 24(9), pp. 2430-2435. Oxford University Press 10.1093/cercor/bht095

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The capacity to inhibit inappropriate responses is crucial for goal-directed behavior. Inhibiting such responses seems to come more easily to some of us than others, however. From where do these individual differences originate? Here, we measured 263 participants' neural baseline activation using resting electroencephalogram. Then, we used this stable neural marker to predict a reliable electrophysiological index of response inhibition capacity in the cued Continuous Performance Test, the NoGo-Anteriorization (NGA). Using a source-localization technique, we found that resting delta, theta, and alpha1 activity in the left middle frontal gyrus and resting alpha1 activity in the right inferior frontal gyrus were negatively correlated with the NGA. As a larger NGA is thought to represent better response inhibition capacity, our findings demonstrate that lower levels of resting slow-wave oscillations in the lateral prefrontal cortex, bilaterally, are associated with a better response inhibition capacity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Gianotti, Lorena; Nash, Kyle Andrew and Knoch, Daria

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1047-3211

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Irène Gonce-Gyr

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2014 09:57

Last Modified:

23 Dec 2014 09:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/cercor/bht095

PubMed ID:

23588188

Uncontrolled Keywords:

NoGo-anteriorization, continuous performance test, prefrontal cortex, response inhibition, resting EEG

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61170

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