Congenital cervical kyphosis in two young sighthounds

Forterre, Franck; Casoni, Daniela; Tomek, Ales; Karli, Philemon; Howard, J.; Precht, Maria Christina (2015). Congenital cervical kyphosis in two young sighthounds. Veterinary and comparative orthopaedics and traumatology, 28(1), pp. 73-78. Schattauer 10.3415/VCOT-14-08-0116

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Introduction: Cervical vertebral (C) malformation is rarely reported in large breed dogs. Congenital cervical kyphosis (CCK) may result from defects of vertebral segmentation, failure of formation or both. This report describes two cases of C3-C4 CCK in young sighthounds, treated surgically. Case description: An 18-month-old female Deerhound and a six-week-old female Borzoi dog were presented because of the complaints of reluctance to exercise and signs of of neck pain. Both dogs were neurologically normal. Diagnostic imaging revealed C3-C4 deformity, moderate kyphosis, and spinal canal stenosis associated with chronic spinal cord pressure atrophy. Both dogs underwent surgical treatment. Results: A staged two-step surgery starting with dorsal decompression was elected in the Deerhound. After the first surgical procedure, the dog developed focal myelomalacia and phrenic nerve paralysis and was euthanatized. A ventral distraction-fusion technique with two locking plates was performed in the Borzoi. This patient recovered uneventfully and long-term follow-up computed tomography revealed complete spondylodesis. Clinical significance: Until now, CCK has only been described in sighthounds. Congenital cervical kyphosis might be considered a differential diagnosis in these breeds that are presented with signs of cervical pain. Ventral realignment-fusion and bone grafting may be considered for surgical treatment, although the earliest age at which this procedure can and should be performed remains unclear.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > NeuroCenter
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Neurology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Surgery
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Radiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Central Clinical Laboratory
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology

UniBE Contributor:

Forterre, Franck; Casoni, Daniela; Tomek, Ales; Karli, Philemon; Howard, Judith and Precht, Maria Christina

Subjects:

500 Science
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0932-0814

Publisher:

Schattauer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Simone Forterre

Date Deposited:

29 Dec 2014 15:38

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 17:29

Publisher DOI:

10.3415/VCOT-14-08-0116

PubMed ID:

25487512

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61315

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61315

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