Nerve Stimulator–Guided Sciatic-Femoral Block in Pet Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Undergoing Hind Limb Surgery: A Case Series

d’Ovidio, Dario; Rota, Simone; Noviello, Emilio; Briganti, Angela; Adami, Chiara (2014). Nerve Stimulator–Guided Sciatic-Femoral Block in Pet Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Undergoing Hind Limb Surgery: A Case Series. Journal of exotic pet medicine, 23(1), pp. 91-95. Elsevier 10.1053/j.jepm.2013.11.014

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This article describes the clinical applicability of a nerve stimulator–guided technique, previously described in dogs, to block the sciatic and the femoral nerves in 4 pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) undergoing hind limb surgeries. Preanesthetic intramuscular doses of medetomidine (0.08 mg/kg), ketamine (15 mg/kg), and buprenorphine (0.03 mg/kg) were administered to the rabbit patients. The rabbits were intubated and general anesthesia was maintained using isoflurane in oxygen. The sciatic-femoral nerve block was performed with 2% lidocaine at a volume of 0.05 mL/kg/nerve. Sciatic-femoral block was feasible in rabbits, and the motoric responses following electrical stimulation of both nerves were consistent with those reported in dogs after successful nerve location. Iatrogenic complications, namely nerve damage and local anesthetic toxicity, did not occur. Based on these results, the authors conclude that the sciatic-femoral nerve block described in dogs can be safely performed in rabbits. Clinical trials are required to assess the analgesic efficacy of the combined sciatic-femoral nerve block in rabbits as a part of multimodal pain management.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > NeuroCenter
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology

UniBE Contributor:

Adami, Chiara

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1557-5063

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Helene Rohrbach

Date Deposited:

06 Jan 2015 15:18

Last Modified:

14 Feb 2020 08:29

Publisher DOI:

10.1053/j.jepm.2013.11.014

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.61432

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/61432

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