Intensive care without walls - introduction of a Medical Emergency Team system in a Swiss tertiary care centre.

Etter, Reto; Takala, Jukka; Merz, Tobias Michael (2014). Intensive care without walls - introduction of a Medical Emergency Team system in a Swiss tertiary care centre. Swiss medical weekly, 144(w14027), w14027. EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag 10.4414/smw.2014.14027

[img]
Preview
Text
smw-2014-14027.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (500kB) | Preview

QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY To improve the response of deteriorating patients during their hospital stay, the University Hospital Bern has introduced a Medical Emergency Team (MET). Aim of this retrospective cohort study is to review the preceding factors, patient characteristics, process parameters and their correlation to patient outcomes of MET calls since the introduction of the team. METHODS Data on patient characteristics, parameters related to MET activation and intervention and patient outcomes were evaluated. A Vital Sign Score (VSS), which is defined as the sum of the occurrence of each vital sign abnormalities, was calculated for all physiological parameters pre MET event, during event and correlation with hospital outcomes. RESULTS A total of 1,628 MET calls in 1,317 patients occurred; 262 (19.9%) of patients with MET calls during their hospital stay died. The VSS pre MET event (odds ratio [OR] 1.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.50-2.13; AUROC 0.63; all p <0.0001) and during the MET call (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.41-1.83; AUROC 0.62; all p <0.0001) were significantly correlated to patient outcomes. A significant increase in MET calls from 5.2 to 16.5 per 1000 hospital admissions (p <0.0001) and a decrease in cardiac arrest calls in the MET perimeter from 1.6 in 2008 to 0.8 per 1000 admissions was observed during the study period (p = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS The VSS is a significant predictor of mortality in patients assessed by the MET. Increasing MET utilisation coincided with a decrease in cardiac arrest calls in the MET perimeter.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Etter, Reto; Takala, Jukka and Merz, Tobias Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1424-7860

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Alessandra Angelini

Date Deposited:

16 Feb 2015 15:28

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 01:58

Publisher DOI:

10.4414/smw.2014.14027

PubMed ID:

25296090

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.63100

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/63100

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback